What are the side effects of inhalant abuse? Effective treatment options for inhaler addiction (2023)

What are the side effects of abusing inhalers? Statistics on Inhalant Abuse. Signs of inhaler abuse. What are the immediate side effects of inhalant abuse? What is sudden inhalation death? What is inhalation addiction?

abuse inhaled

abuse inhaled– also known as volatile substance abuse, solvent abuse, snuffling, huffing and bagging – is the intentional inhalation of a volatile substance to achieve an altered mental state. Inhalants are chemicals in the workplace and household products that produce chemical fumes. These fumes can be inhaled to produce mind-altering effects. Inhaled chemicals are quickly absorbed by the brain to produce a rapid high. Chronic inhalant abuse can cause irreversible side effects, including coma and even death.

Offenders may inhale vapors directly from a container, a bag into which a substance has been placed, or a cloth soaked in a substance that is then placed over the mouth or nose. Intoxication occurs quickly and is short-lived, although some abusers repeatedly or continuously self-administer inhalants to maintain a preferred level of intoxication.

Inhalant abuse is more common among men than women. Higher rates of inhaler misuse have been reported in people with a history of physical or sexual abuse, delinquency, delinquent behavior, depression, suicidal behavior, antisocial attitudes, family conflicts, violence and/or substance abuse. Rates are also higher among low-income people, the mentally ill, people living in rural communities, and people in communities with high unemployment rates.

What are the side effects of inhalant abuse? Effective treatment options for inhaler addiction (1)

What are the side effects of inhalant abuse? Effective treatment options for inhaler addiction (2)

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Statistics on Inhalant Abuse

Although inhalant abuse is widespread and associated with harmful outcomes that can rival or exceed those of other psychoactive drugs, inhalants remain the least studied class of psychoactive substances. According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) [2], more than 22 million Americans age 12 and older have used inhalers, and each year more than 750,000 use inhalers for the first time. Despite the significant prevalence and severe toxicities associated with the use of inhalation, it has been called the "forgotten epidemic". Inhaler abuse remains the least studied form of drug abuse

  • An estimated 9% of the US population aged 12 years and older (22.5 million people) have used an inhalant for its psychoactive properties at least once.
  • Inhalant use generally begins early, with 58% of users reporting first use by the end of ninth grade.
  • Fewer students in upper grades than in lower grades (15.7% in 9th grade, 9.9% in 12th grade) reported having used an inhalant.
  • Most inhaler users start the behavior at a fairly young age and most stop it quickly.
  • White and Hispanic students reported a lifetime use rate (14.4%) that was approximately double that of African Americans.
  • Important risk factors for inhalant use among middle and high school students are low parental education and lack of intention to attend a 4-year college.
  • More than half of eighth graders viewed regular inhalant use as a "significant risk," but only a third attributed the same risk to using an inhalant once or twice.

Commonly abused inhalation products and their components


  • airplane glueToluene, ethyl acetate
  • Other glues and cementsHexane, Toluol, Methyl Chloride, Acetone, Methyl Ethyl Ketone, Methyl Butyl Ketone, Benzol, Xylol, Trichlorethylene, Tetrachlorethylene, Chloroform


  • Tinta spray Butane, Propane (USA), Fluorocarbons, Toluene, Hydrocarbons, Xylene
  • hair sprayButane, Propane (USA), Chlorofluorocarbons
  • Deodorant; air purifier Butane, Propane (USA), Chlorofluorocarbons
  • pain reliever spray clorofluorcarbonos
  • asthma spray clorofluorcarbonos
  • Stoffspray butane, trichlorothane
  • pc cleaner Dimetileter, hidrofluorcarbonetos
  • video head cleaner ethyl chloride

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Side effects of inhaler abuse

The use of inhalation is associated with a large number of side effects and psychosocial consequences.

Neurological and cognitive side effects of inhaler abuse

Studies in occupationally exposed workers laid the groundwork for much of what we know about inhalation-related cognitive deficits. Significant learning and memory problems in journeyman painters compared to controls and evidence that many patients were slow to resolve cognitive problems related to inhalation. Even a single occupational exposure resulting in inhalation poisoning can lead to long-term memory problems and reduced processing speed. Inhalant abuse is characterized by exposure to neurotoxins at levels much higher than those typically seen in workplace exposures.

What are the side effects of inhalant abuse? Effective treatment options for inhaler addiction (3)

ImmediatelySide effects of inhaler abuse

Inhalants are ingested into the body through the mouth or nose, either by spraying them directly into the mouth, inhaling the chemical, or placing a chemical-soaked wipe in the mouth. Most inhalants act in a similar way to alcohol, acting as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant.

Immediate effects of inhalants include:

  • euphoria
  • negligence
  • Mangel and Coordination
  • Possible hallucinations/delusions
  • nausea and vomit
  • difficulty speaking
  • Possible tissue damage in areas where inhalants come into contact, e.g. B. Nose scars and mouth sores.
  • Increased risk of fetal development disorders when used by pregnant women.
  • Anoxic brain damage, coma, and death (due to choking, vomiting, aspiration, or respiratory depression) can occur even after using an inhalant, although this is less common.
(Video) Inhaler Users' Biggest Mistakes

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Long-term side effects of inhaler abuse

Chronic inhaler abuse has been shown to have drastic and irreversible neurological and neuropsychological effects, likely due to damage to myelin and neuronal membranes by lipophilic chemicals. These chemicals, found in inhalants and more concentrated in neural tissue than blood, can cause cortical atrophy and damage visible with neuroimaging. Inhalants are known to cause brainstem dysfunction and a variety of cognitive, motor and sensory deficits. Signs may include irritability, tremors, ataxia, nystagmus, slurred speech, decreased visual acuity, and deafness.

Inhalant abuse can cause cardiomyopathy with marked electrocardiographic changes. Inhaler abuse can cause dyspnoea, emphysema-like abnormalities and other lung failures, distal renal tubular acidosis, and hepatitis. Hydrocarbons can cause bone marrow toxicity (causing aplastic anemia and leukemia), while volatile nitrites have been linked to impaired immune system and replication of HIV and Kaposi's sarcoma, as well as the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines and methemoglobin as metabolites .

What are the side effects of inhalant abuse? Effective treatment options for inhaler addiction (4)

Sudden death from inhalation

Respiratory arrests due to central nervous system depression have been reported in at least one case, and sudden cooling of the larynx (by direct aerosol) has been suggested to cause fatal vagal depression. Probably due primarily to cardiac arrhythmias, "sudden inhalation death" is the most common cause of death in inhaler users.

Inhalants interrupt the electrical propagation of the myocardium, an effect potentiated by hypoxia, and increase the risk of arrhythmias. Inhalants also sensitize the heart to adrenaline; Sudden Inhalation Death can occur when a user becomes startled while inhaling (e.g., being caught inhaling) or when experiencing vivid hallucinations.

Deaths and injuries from acute abuse often result from dangerous behavior (e.g., drowning, falling or jumping, burning or hypothermia) due to disinhibition and feelings of invincibility, while aspiration and suffocation, especially when "bags", can also be fatal.

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(Video) The Misappropriation of Inhalants: the Manifestation of Inhalant Use-Related Disorders

Signs of Inhaler Abuse

Early detection and early intervention are the best ways to stop inhalant abuse before it causes serious health problems. With that in mind, parents, educators, primary care physicians, and other health professionals should be on the lookout for the following signs of addiction:

  • Chemical odors in your breath or clothing
  • Ink or other stains on face, hands, or clothing
  • Empty spray paint or solvent containers and rags or clothing soaked in hidden chemicals
  • Appearing dumb or disoriented
  • difficulty speaking
  • nausea or loss of appetite
  • Inattention, lack of coordination, irritability and depression.

inhalation addiction

Inhalant users can become psychologically and physiologically dependent on inhalants for an extended period of time.

  • psychological dependenceit is often characterized by substance use despite negative life consequences and a feeling of needing to continue using inhalers to experience the feelings associated with use.
  • physiological dependenceOccurs when users experience negative physical consequences when they stop using inhalants (eg, withdrawal symptoms).

Inhalant Abuse Treatment

It can be dangerous to underestimate the severity of inhalant abuse. Misuse of medications can cause brain damage, liver and kidney damage, hearing loss and death. These harmful effects can occur immediately after or during substance use. Therefore, most people suffering from addiction to inhalers require professional treatment.

Addiction treatment at an inpatient rehab center allows people struggling with inhalant abuse to overcome substance abuse in a safe environment, away from all harmful triggers. Additionally, a drug rehab center can provide the professional care, evidence-based treatments, and peer support that make all the difference in a successful recovery.

Because many addictions co-occur with another condition, it is important that you find a rehab center that specializes in treating co-occurring conditions. This requires the treatment program to understand the importance of taking the time to find out if there is another disorder that may be contributing to a substance use disorder before treating the substance use disorder alone. With a thorough assessment of a person's mental health prior to treatment, you are assured of the most effective and comprehensive treatment for your addiction and mental disorder. Consequently, this only increases your chances of getting sober when you get out of rehab.

detox treatment

The first step of treatment ismedical detox. It will help you navigate the complicated withdrawal process, but it doesn't address the thought and behavior patterns that contribute to addiction. Different treatment approaches and settings can help provide the ongoing support needed to maintain long-term sobriety after detox is complete.

Cravings are very common during detox and can be difficult to overcome. This often leads torelapse. Ongoing medical care during hospital treatment helps prevent relapses. Doctors can provide the medications and medical knowledge needed to reduce cravings and the effects of withdrawal symptoms.


Several different modalities of psychotherapy have been used in the treatment of depression, including:

  • cognitive behavioral therapy(CBT) – is an effective treatment that involves changing negative thinking patterns and behavioral routines that affect the daily life of the depressed person in various forms of depression.
  • dialectical behavior therapy– is a comprehensive mental health and substance abuse treatment program whose ultimate goal is to support patients in their efforts to build a life worth living. The main objective of DBT is to help the person to develop what is called "clear mind".
  • Person-Centered Therapy: is a strategy that enables and encourages clients to understand and resolve their concerns in a safe and supportive environment.

dual diagnosis treatment

Substance abuse and mental disorders often coexist. In many cases, traumatic experiences can lead to mental disorders and substance abuse.Dual diagnostic programsTreat these two topics together. The best approach to dual diagnostic management is an integrated system. This strategy treats the drug problem and the mental disorder at the same time. Regardless of which diagnosis (mental health issue or substance abuse) came first, long-term recovery is highly dependent on treatment of both conditions by the same team or professional.

drug-assisted treatments

Medication Supported Treatments (MAT)for substance use disorders and mental health disorders are commonly used together. This includes drug use and other medical procedures. During your rehabilitation, your treatment center staff will help you identify the root cause of your addiction and teach you skills to help you change your behavior patterns and challenge the negative thoughts that led to your addiction. Sometimes the pressures and problems in your life make you dependent on substances that help you forget about them for a while.

now that we found outSide effects of inhaler abuseHope this gives you an idea of ​​what drugs you are dealing with. If you or a loved one is suffering from an addiction to inhalers, help is just a phone call away. Professional addiction treatment is necessary for a speedy and effective recovery. Contact us today at the We Level Up treatment facility. We offer the utmost care with doctors and medical staff available 24/7 for a lasting, life-changing recovery. We offer you a better chance of returning to a full and productive life.

What are the side effects of inhalant abuse? Effective treatment options for inhaler addiction (5)
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[1]NIDA– https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/inhalants/how-do-inhalants-produce-their-effects
[2]NCBI– https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK424847/table/appd.t5/
[3]Risks of Inhalant Addiction– We level Fl

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table of contents

  • 1 Side effects of inhaler abuse
    • 1.1 What are the side effects of inhaler abuse? Statistics on Inhalant Abuse. Signs of inhaler abuse. What are the immediate side effects of inhalant abuse? What is sudden inhalation death? What is inhalation addiction?
    • 1.2 Misuse of inhalants
    • 1.3 Inhaler Abuse Statistics
    • 1.4 Side effects of inhaler abuse
      • 1.4.1 Neurological and cognitive side effects of inhalant abuse
    • 1.5 Immediate side effects of misuse of inhalants
      • 1.5.1 Long-term side effects of inhalant abuse
    • 1.6 Sudden death from inhalation
    • 1.7 Signs of inhaler abuse
      • 1.7.1 Inhalation dependency
    • 1.8 Treatment of inhalant abuse


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